December 31, 2023
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⟶ Updated 3 Oct 2018 ⟶
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mayflower document created
colonists in Massachusetts created New England's first code of laws, called the Massachusetts Body of Liberties.
By the early 1700s, most colonies had developed a governing structure of executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
The first elected assembly in the colonies was Virginia's House of Burgesses, established in 1619.
By the mid-1700s, the colonies were accustomed to managing their own affairs.
Britain reversed this policy of “benign neglect” by enforcing taxes and restrictions on the colonies.
Britain won the French and Indian War
Parliament enacted the Stamp Act
British troops shot and killed five agitators in Boston, an incident known as the Boston Massacre.
Parliament tried again to force the colonies to accept its authority, this time by placing a tax on imported tea.
militia troops from Massachusetts clashed with British soldiers in battles at Lexington and Concord. Shortly after fighting broke out in Massachusetts, the Continental Congress met again. The delegates quickly voted to form a Continental Army made up of volunteers from all the colonies.
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