January 1, 2023
For educational institutions
Unit 1 timeline
By PJ Sorrentino
⟶ Updated 2 Oct 2018 ⟶
List of edits
Dred Scott Case 1857 The Supreme Court ruled against Dred Scott saying not only was he a slave for being in a slave state, but also that he was not even a citizen. This set a president on how African Americans are viewed.
Start of Civil War April 12, 1861 War broke out between the North and South over the issues of Slavery, and keeping the South in the Union
Emancipation Proclamation Jan 1, 1863 Abraham Lincoln announces his plan to abolish slavery in all southern states except for the border ones.
Freedman's Bureau Creation March 3, 1865 Government group designed to help millions of formerly enslaved African Americans and poor whites because of the Civil War.
Civil War End April 9 1865 Robert E Lee surrenders to Ulysses S Grant
13th Amendment Ratification Dec. 6 1865 Slavery/involuntary servitude is now illegal in the U.S. besides as means of punishment for convicted criminals
KKK Creation Dec. 24 1865 KKK is created by confederate soldier veterans to start to counter the social reforms of the Reconstruction Era, especially for the new rights given to freedmen
Black Codes Begin 1866 Laws passed in the South with the intent to restrict the rights of freedmen.
Civil Rights Act of 1866 July 2nd Gave citizenship to all races in America
Reconstruction Act of 1867 March 2nd The Reconstruction Acts of 1867 laid out the process for readmitting Southern states into the Union
14th Amendment Ratified Made the Civil Rights Act of 1866 into a constitutional law
Presidential Election of 1868 American presidential election held on Nov. 3, 1868, in which Republican Ulysses S. Grant defeated Democrat Horatio Seymour.
15th Amendment Ratification the 15th amendment granted African American men the right to vote.
Civil Rights Act of 1875 1 March the law provided that all persons, regardless of race, were entitled to "the full and equal enjoyment" of accommodations of inns, public transportation, theaters, and other amusement places.
Presidential Election of 1876 The United States presidential election of 1876 was one of the most disputed presidential elections in American history. Samuel J. Tilden of New York outpolled Ohio's Rutherford B. Hayes in the popular vote, and had 184 electoral votes to Hayes' 165, with 20 votes uncounted.
Compromise of 1877 Informal, unwritten deal that settled the intensely disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election. It resulted in the United States federal government pulling the last troops out of the South, and formally ended the Reconstruction Era
Jim Crow Laws 1890 State and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States. Enacted by white Democrat-dominated state legislatures after the Reconstruction period, in the late 19th century, the laws were enforced until 1965
Plessy v. Ferguson May 18 1896 A landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court issued in 1896. It upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality – a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal"
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