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18 Oct 2017
Three Germanic tribes: the Angles, Saxons and Jutes left the continent and started settling in England. The Celts were the original inhabitants of England. Until 410 Britain had been a province of the Roman Empire.
The country was divided into a number of kingdoms. The Celts had been converted to Christianity. Monasteries became the centres of culture ans learning.
Scandinavian pirates destroyed the famous monastery os Lindisfarne and this started the period of invasions by the Viking.
Anglo-Saxon king Alfred the Great prevented the country from becoming a part of Scandinavia by defeating the Danish army in the year 871. He forced them to stay in a certain part of England: 'Danelaw'.
A sort of unification was achieved ant the Anglo-Saxons and Vikings lived together peacefully.
Poetry: entertainment came from scops ). The more exicitng of these poems are the epic poems. Since the poems had to be memorized, most poems were alliterative an with a regular rythm. The best-known and longest surviving work from this period is the Anglo-Saxon epic poem Beowulf.
The Danish rule over England came to an end when Edward the Confessor became the next king of England.
The Old English (Anglo-Saxon) period
The Middle English period
The Age of Reason
The Romantic Period
The Victorian Age
The Twentieth Century
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