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The First Triumvirate was a political alliance between three powerful men in the Roman Republic: Gaius Julius Caesar, Marcus Licinius Crassus, and Gnaeus Pompey
Ceaser in Gaul- The Gallic Wars were a series of military campaigns waged by the Roman proconsul Julius Caesar against several Gallic tribes
Ceaser crosses the Rubicon- ceaser passed the river which was a point of no return which led to ceaser proclame himself dictator for life.
The death of Caesar- an assasnation due to conspericies by roman senators. stabbed in theater of pompey
The Second Triumvirate is the name historians have given to the official political alliance of Gaius, Octavianus, Marcus Antonius and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus. an official, legally established institution, whose overwhelming power in the Roman state was given full legal sanction and whose imperium maius outranked that of all other magistrates, including the consuls
The Battle of Actium -was the decisive confrontation of the Final War of the Roman Republic, a naval engagement between Octavian and the combined forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra
Octavian proclaimed Augustus Caesar- nephew of Julius Caesar whos name was changed to Octavian so people would not think that he is Julius nephew. His name is where we get the month august.
formation of the republic
12 Tables-The earliest code of roman laws. code of law binding on both patrician and plebeian and which consuls would have to enforce.
Italian peninsula-divided into three parts -- the conquest of central Italy, the conquest of northern italy, and the conquest of southern Italy. By 275 bc rome conquered all of italy.
1st punic war- Broke out when Rome interfered in a dispute on the Carthaginian. Ended with Rome in control of both Sicily and Corsica and marked the empire’s emergence as a naval as well as a land power
2ed punic war- Hannibal invaded Italy and conquered Lake Trasimene and Cannae before his eventual defeat at the hands of Rome’s Scipio Africanus in 202 B.C.
3rd punic war- Carthage broke its treaty with Rome by declaring war against the Numidia. In the end Rome reigned supreme over an empire stretching from the Atlantic coast of Spain to the border between Greece and Turkey.
Eastern medit.- punic wars were a major part of gaining control.
Marius- was a Roman general and statesman. He held the office of consul an unprecedented seven times during his career.
The gracchus brothers- Gaius Sempronius Gracchus and his brother tiberius were roman polititcians
Sulla- was a Roman general and statesman. He had the distinction of holding the office of consul twice, as well as reviving the dictatorship.
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