January 1, 2023
For educational institutions
⟶ Updated 29 Sep 2018 ⟶
List of edits
4 Oct 2018
1523-1524- Spanish adventurer Pedro de Alvarado defeats the indigenous Maya and turns Guatemala into a Spanish colony.
Guatemala becomes independent and joins the Mexican empire the following year.
Guatemala becomes part of the United Provinces of Central America, which also include Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua.
Guatemala becomes fully independent.
1844-65 - Guatemala ruled by conservative dictator Rafael Carrera.
1873-85 - Guatemala ruled by liberal President Justo Rufino Barrios, who modernises the country, develops the army and introduces coffee growing.
Jorge Ubico becomes president
Guatemala declares war on the Axis powers. Social-democratic reforms.
Juan Jose Arevalo becomes president following the overthrow of Ubico and introduces social-democratic reforms, including setting up a social security system and redistributing land to landless peasants.
Colonel Jacobo Arbenz Guzman becomes president, continuing Arevalo's reforms.
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