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the first fleet timeline
1 months ago
several writters argue that Portuguese expeditions visited Australia, however evidence remains contentious
The Dutch explore the western coast of Cape York Peninsular (first recorded landfall by a European on Australian soil)
The Dutch continue to map several parts of Australia, mainly the western coasts.
English Lieutenant James Cook’s expedition in HMS Endeavour charted the eastern coast and claimed it for the British Crown.
the first fleet of 11 ships, led by Governor Arthur Phillip departed great Britain
Captain Arthur Phillip sails ahead and sights Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania)
HMS Supply anchors in Botany Bay, makes contact with Aboriginal Australians.
The remaining ships anchor at Botany Bay
decided botany bay was unsuited for settlement, and found what is now Sydney, saying it was “the finest harbour in the world”
Captain Phillip raises the British colours and formally proclaims British sovereignty over New South Wales.
Because the Aboriginal Australians could not be coaxed into the settlement, one named Arabanoo was captured and held in confinement.for Philip to lear the language
English explorer William Dampier explored the west coast of Australia.
Thomas Barratt was hanged for stealing in stores, the first execution.
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