Printing Processes Timeline
5 months ago
US Postal Service issued stamp printed with thermochromic ink.
Indigo digital colour printer introduced.
3D-printing invented. Typically done by laying down many thin layers of a material in succession.
Water-based ink invented.
Laser printing invented, produces high-quality text and images.
Dot Matrix printing invented. Images are produced by pins striking pins against an ink-ribbon to make closely spaced dots.
Inkjet printing invented, became the most widely used printer in the world.
Screen printing invented. Forcing ink onto a surface through a fine screen to create an image.
Offset printing for paper invented in the US.
Offset printing invented in England for printing on Tin. Inked image is transferred/offset from a plate, to a rubber blanket, then to the printing surface.
Lithography invented. Printing from a flat, treated surface to repel ink except where it’s required for printing.
Printing in France made illegal without royal permission, carried the death penalty.
Etching invented, using acid to cut into unprotected parts of metal.
Coloured woodprint invented in Germany, known as chiaroscuro woodcuts.
Printing begins in Oxford University.
Drypoint engraving invented in Germany by the Handbook Master.
Crude woodcut prints began appearing in Europe, used thick lines and minimal shading.
Paper first used in England.
Watermarks first used in Italian-made paper, created by changing the paper’s thickness to create a shadow or lightness on the paper.
Moveable type invented in China by Bi Sheng during the ‘Northern Song Dynasty’, wooden movable type abandoned in favour of ceramic due to wood grains & unevenness.
Woodblock printing adapted by China to mass-produce classical books.
Papermill established in Baghdad, Chinese paper-making techniques passed onto them, some mills were powered by either humans, animals or water.
Amate, a beaten, paper-like material made in Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, primarily used to create codices.
Woodblock printing, earliest example of printing. Originated in China before being brought to Japan and Europe many years later.
Papyrus, a paper-like material used as a writing surface in Ancient Egypt, made from the tissue of a papyrus plant.
Cuneiform. A system of writing first developed by the ancient Sumerians of Mesopotamia, made by pressing a stylus into soft clay to make wedge-like imprints.
Friedrich Koenig's steam press developed, prints on both sides of the paper at the same time.
Johannes Gutenburg invents the printing press.
Parchment, made of processed animal skin, used as a writing surface in Pergamon.
Papermaking in Samarkand (modern day Uzbekistan).
Mezzotint, produces half-tones without using line or dot-based techniques.
First known paper mill in the US is opened
Napier invents the rotary printing press. Images to be printed are curved around a cylinder.
First cast iron printing press built by Lord Stanhope.
First weekly newspaper published in Antwerp, Belgium.
First paper mill in France opened.
Books printed in Korea using movable type.
The 'Diamond Sutra' was printed, was one of the most influential Mahayana sutras in East Asia.
The first color printing is produced by Fust and Schoeffer.
Stereotyping invented in Scotland by William Ged, was used widely in letterpress, newspaper and other high-speed press runs.
Embossed printing is invented by Louis Braille, creates raised or recessed relief images and designs.
Electrotyping invented by Moritz von Jacobi in Russia. Done by electroplating a thin shell of metal onto a mold, then removing the mold and backing the shell with metal.
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