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forencics time line
6 months ago
First use of teeth to identify remains
Use of fingerprints for the first time (600s) Fingerprints first used to determine identity. Arabic merchants would take a debtor's fingerprint and attach it to the bill.
1248 First forensic science book First forensic science manual published by the Chinese. This was the first known record of medical knowledge being used to solve criminal cases.
Ambroise Paré writes extensively on the anatomy of war and homicidal wounds.
1686 AD Fingerprint book (Marcello Malpighi)
1786 AD First conviction using physical evidence matching
Physical evidence used in criminal case First recorded instance of physical matching of evidence leading to a murder conviction (John Toms, England). Evidence was a torn edge of newspaper in a pistol that matched newspaper in his pocket.
1806 Investigating poisoning German chemist Valentin Ross developed a method of detecting arsenic in a victim's stomach, thus advancing the investigation of poison deaths.
More physical evidence discovered to work in forensics Clothing and shoes of a farm laborer were examined and found to match evidence of a nearby murder scene, where a young woman was found drowned in a shallow pool.
1836 Chemical testing utilized James Marsh, an English chemist, uses chemical processes to determine arsenic as the cause of death in a murder trial.
First uses of photos in identification (1854-59 ) San Francisco uses photography for criminal identification, the first city in the US to do so.
Fingerprints found to be unique Henry Faulds and William James Herschel publish a paper describing the uniqueness of fingerprints. Francis Galton, a scientist, adapted their findings for the court. Galton's system identified the following patterns: plain arch, tented arch, simple loop, central pocket loop, double loop, lateral pocket loop, plain whorl, and accidental.
1887 Sherlock Holmes and the coroner Coroner's act established that coroners' were to determine the causes of sudden, violent, and unnatural deaths. Arthur Conan Doyle also publishes the first Sherlock Holmes story.
Some event happened
Fingerprints used to mark clay tablets
Archimedes proves crown was not made out of gold using density
Story of Sung Tzu and the bloody sickle
Chinese book his Duan Yu (the washing away of wrongs)
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