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13 Oct 2017
Modern oceanography began with the Challenger Expedition in 1782. It was the first expedition organized specifically to gather data on ocean features.
The Mid-Atlantic ridge is discovered.
First deep-ocean dive using tethered bathysphere uncovered new creatures and sediment debris.
Diving equipment was first invented in France from mouthpieces, hoses, and tanks.
The theory of plate tectonics came from a ship detecting linear magnetic stripes by the ocean floor.
Scientist live for days in an underwater habitation to conduct and test more experiments.
One of the submersibles discovered a deep-sea ecosystem and hydrothermal vents
El Niño-warm phase of the cycle.
The Seafloor area was mapped by using satellite data
Seafloor reveals ocean waves associated with storms.
Internet portals gives scientist everywhere to access live data collected from ocean-floor labs
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