feb 12, 1241 - The Paris Trial
In the beginning of the 13th century, medieval Christians became increasingly of the Talmudic religious texts used by European Jews. Many believed that these texts contained blasphemies against Christianity. At the request of Pop Gregory IX, French King Louis IX was persuaded to undertake a trial of Talmuds, in order to determine if they did subvert Christianity. In 1240, Talmuds were collected from synagogues in England, France and Spain. These were brought to Paris for the "trial." The accusation was put forth that Jews were turning from the word of Moses (the Old Testament), and creating blasphemous texts (Talmud). Rabbis throughout France were imprisoned and brought to testify in trial and defend the Talmudic texts. In May of 1248, the Talmud was officially condemned and thousands of copies were burned as a result.
"Medieval Judaism - Christian Opposition" in Arts and Humanities Through the Eras, vol. 3: Medieval Europe 814-1450. ed. Edward I. Bleiberg, et al. Detroit: Gale, 2005. p. 314-318.
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