jan 23, 1175 - Canterbury Cathedral, England (United Kingdom)
1. Describe the plan of the Early Gothic church at Canterbury. How does it relate to the earlier Romanesque (Norman) church that burned down? How does it compare to a typical French church?
- The Norman church had both east and west transepts, there were 2 apsidal chapels set at angles to the main axis: the new one was larger and had the new Corona Chapel
- Don't rely on clustered wall shafts (more horizontal), columns have shapes, colored stone, darker
2. Why did Canterbury become a destination for pilgrims and how did this influence its design when it was rebuilt?
- Because Thomas a Becket was murdered here, they added the Corona Chapel for his sake
3. What are some of the characteristics of the Early English Gothic Style seen in the interior of Canterbury Cathedral?
- Alternating paired cylindrical columns
- Vaults spring from the same level as the gallery
- Gallery has 2 sets of paired arches
- Clerestory has a wall passage
- Decorative dark stone "Purbeck marble"
- Emphasis on horizontal
4. What style was used to rebuild the nave and western transept? What characteristics can you identify here?
- Perpendicular style
- Emphasis on verticality and continuous lines
Added to timeline:
Arch 250 Klein Exam 1 Timeline
Timeline of Prof. Klein Architecture Survey 2