may 28, 1830 - Indian Removal Act
A Law authorizing the president to negotiate with southern Native American tribes for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for white settlement of their ancestral lands. The bill provided only for the negotiation with tribes east of the Mississippi on the basis of payment for their lands, trouble arose when the United States resorted to force to gain the Indians’ compliance with its demand that they accept the land exchange and move west. The act has been referred to as a unitary act of systematic genocide because it discriminated against an ethnic group in so far as to make certain the death of vast numbers of its population. The Act was signed by Andrew Jackson and was strongly enforced under his administration and that of his successor, Martin Van Buren, which extended until 1841
The Act was strongly supported by southern and northeastern populations but was opposed by native tribes and the Whig Party. The Cherokee worked together to stop this relocation, but were unsuccessful; they were eventually forcibly removed by the United States government in a march to the west that later became known as the Trail of Tears.
The federal government negotiated 19 treaties with Indian tribes in the course of Van Buren's presidency.
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History of Leadership In The States