jun 4, 390 - Socrates (469-399 B.C.)
Socrates, a philosopher at the same time as Democritus, is best known for his conversational skills and
speeches as well as the Socratic Method. The Socratic Method is a type of questioning that by asking question
after clarifying question students arrive at their own understanding. For example, “The table is brown. Would
it still be brown if you were blind? How would a blind person know it is brown and not
blue or red? Would it still be brown if no one could see it?” He said he knew nothing
himself and often questioned those around him from all stations. His abrasive
personality and incessant need to ask everyone questions earned Socrates many
enemies. He encouraged his students to think for themselves and use logic instead of
believing everything their parents told them. As a result, Socrates was arrested for
inciting the youth. He was found guilty and sentenced to death by hemlock poisoning.
Several friends offered to bribe the guards and help him escape but Socrates refused to
leave. He said if it was the will of the people than he should die. He died by drinking the
hemlock willingly. Socrates was the teacher of Plato.
Added to timeline:
History of the Atomic Theory