jan 1, 1905 -
Russia suffers a military defeat at sea by newly industrialized Japan, thwarting Russia's territorial ambitions toward Manchuria and Korea. Troops of Russian Czar Nicholas II fire upon peaceful demonstrators in St. Petersburg killing hundreds in what comes to be known as Bloody Sunday. Continuing political unrest in Russia, including a general strike, results in the creation of a national legislative assembly (Duma) by the Czar. That for the record, had no authority whatsoever and Nicolas II could still do whatever he wanted.
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