The Land of Israel’s governmental structure was reorganized by Gabinius, the Roman governor of Syria from 57 to 55 B.C.E., after the Land became Roman. In 39 B.C.E., King Harold landed in Ptolemais (present day Akko) and quickly gathered some northerners around his banner, alongside the Roman troops ordered by the Senate to assist him. His first attack on Jerusalem was a failure, with Antigonus still holding his city together. By 37 B.C.E. Herod had gained all of the country. By order of Antony, Cassius, and the Roman governor of Syria, Antony gave Herod some help which allowed him to take Jerusalem. Antigonus was captured by the Romans and was beheaded at the wish of Herod. So Hasmonean rule over an independent nation in the land of Israel was finally brought to an end, and the Romans took control.