oct 27, 1682 - William Penn establishes Pennsylvania
King Charles II of England had a large loan due to William Penn's father, which he repaid by granting Penn himself a large area of land west and south of New Jersey. Penn called it "Sylvania," meaning "woods," and Charles renamed it Pennsylvania. Penn also drew up a charter of "liberties" for the citizens of the settlement, including rights to a trial by jury, freedom of religion, freedom from unjust imprisonment, free elections. These became important points in our government later as the basis for the Bill of Rights.
Added to timeline:
Colonization of the Americas