aug 16, 1498 - Vasco Da Gama returned
to Portugal with a cargo
1) The importance of direct access to the pepper trade was made clear by the fact that elsewhere the Europeans, who had to buy through Muslim middlemen, would have to pay 10 times as much for the same amount of pepper.
2) This tempted other European nations to come to India and trade directly.
Added to timeline:
Modern History of India