sep 29, 1791 - Charles Grant- Observations
Earliest person to contribute to modern Education in India (1790- four decades before Macaulay). Argued for English Education with a view to introduce Christianity in India.
Appalled at degeneration of Indian society after fall of Mughal Empire.. Hindu’s as corrupt, fraud, dishonest, mutual hatred, barbarous.. Religion had stick into grossest form of superstition. Grant felt-
>Healing principle: Christianity, dissemination of science and literature of Europe!
>Christianity could remove the abuses of Indian society
Planned for spreading Christianity through Company’s charter 1790. But King George III withdrew due to French revolution.. His plan to push through Company Charter failed.. Company felt it is against trading interests.
Grants “Observations” on Indian society
"Every stone, every tree acquired the importance of a deity.. Practice of throwing children into river for propitiating gods. Swinging devotees in hooks ! Brahmins imposed “manu smriti” on lower caste people. Their words were law- no one could question it. Infanticide – practiced widely in India (specially in Rajasthan), Sati was widely prevalent. Brahmins monopoly over priestly rights. Kulinism- maintain the purity of bloodline of higher castes– degenerated into child marriage and polygamy. "
Added to timeline:
History of Education in India during Colonial Times- 1700-1947
Editors: Shivakumar Jolad, Susanna G and Pranjali Kulkarni with inputs from HS 511- Class- 2017, IIT Gandhinagar