oct 12, 1875 - Hiapo
Located in Polynesia ,Polynesian cultures value genealogical depth, tracing one’s lineage back to the gods. Oral traditions recorded the importance of genealogical distinction, or recollections of the accomplishments of the ancestors. Cultures held firm to the belief in mana, a supernatural power associated with high-rank, divinity, maintenance of social order and social reproduction, as well as an abundance of water and fertility of the land. Mana was held to be so powerful that rules or taboos were necessary to regulate it in ritual and society. For example, an uninitiated person of low rank would never enter in a sacred enclosure without risking death. Mana was believed to be concentrated in certain parts of the body and could accumulate in objects, such as hair, bones, rocks, whale’s teeth, and textiles.Gender roles were clearly defined in traditional Polynesian
societies. Gender played a major role, dictating women’s access to training, tools, and materials in the arts.The most important traditional uses for tapa were for clothing, bedding and wall hangings.
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