January 31, 2021
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Padraig Pearse reads the proclamation of the Irish Republic outside the rebels’ headquarters. Rebels tries to take over Dublin castle and fails, but succeed in taking the city hall Looting begins across the city as people take advantage of the apparent lack of law and order.
British forces take control of City Hall having re-captured the roof. All rebels remaining in the building are taken prisoner. Volunteers attack Broadstone Railway Station where British troops are based.
British troops have been arriving at Kingstown all night. They number in their thousands and are largely men who have recently finished their basic training The news that Martial Law has been proclaimed by British authorities is announced. This means that civilians are not allowed out on the streets between 7pm and 5am. Daily life across Dublin has been disrupted by the fighting. Businesses are closed, transport halted and basic supplies of food are becoming scarce. Looting has also been a night time
Food shortages becoming apparent in the city. Shops, businesses and banks closed. Decision taken that troops will open warehouses across the city and distribute food to civilians. The fire at the Irish Times building spreads quickly, and British troops are able to move forward under the cover of smoke as far as Middle Abbey Street.
Fighting is intense around North King Street. The British troops are using armoured cars in an attempt to take the rebel positions. All their attempts fail, and the rebels hold their positions. Pearse orders the total evacuation of the GPO. The British are now fully aware of the evacuation of the GPO
Civilians trying to escape their homes in Moore Street are being shot by the British. Other civilians are being killed and injured in the crossfire. Inside 16 Moore Street the leaders discuss whether to continue fighting or seek surrender terms. Pearse records that by a majority vote the leaders decided to seek surrender terms to prevent further slaughter of the civilian population.
The rebellion in Dublin is over. More than 1,000 men and women are held prisoner by British authorities. The British will arrest more suspects in the coming hours and days, with the total rising to just over 3,500 arrests.
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