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19 окт 2017
Birth of Fyodor Dostoevsky in Moscow
First novel (Poor Folk) was published. Dostoevsky was 25 at this time.
'Crime and Punishment' published.
'The idiot' published
'The Brothers Karamazov' published
Dostoevsky's mother passes away. He was age 15 at the time.
Dostoevsky resigns from his Engineering career and begins writing 'Poor Folk'.
This novel gained him entry into St. Petersburg's literary circles
Among the members were writers, teachers, students, minor government officials, and army officers. While differing in political views, most of them were opponents of the tsarist autocracy and Russian serfdom.
Among those connected to the circle were the writers Dostoyevsky and Saltykov-Shchedrin, and the poets Aleksey Pleshcheyev, Apollon Maikov, and Taras Shevchenko.
Begins boarding school in Moscow with his older brother Mikhail.
Dostoevsky left school to enter the Nikolayev Military Engineering Institute.
Father murdered by his own serfs at his estate Chermashnya in the province of Tula.
Writes for St Petersburg Gazette. Publishes “A Novel in Nine Letters” as well as several short stories including “A Weak Heart”, “Polzunkov”, “The Landlady”, “The Honest Thief”, and “White Nights”. Starts visiting the Petrashevsky Circle. Moves to Voznesenskii prospekt 8/23 where he would live for 2 years.
Works on unfinished novel, “Netochka Nezvanova” but is arrested for alleged political crimes along with other Petrashevsky Circle members. Writes the children’s story “A Little Hero” while imprisoned for 8 months in the Alexis Ravelin of St. Petersburg’s Petropavlovsk Fortress.
22 December, 1849. Dostevsky is taken, along with twenty others, to Semyonovsky Square to be executed by a firing squad but due to a last-second reprieve the sentence is commuted to an 8 year term of penal servitude in Siberia (later reduced to 4 years hard labour by Nicholas I).
Is married to the 29 year old, widowed Marya Dmitrievna Isaeva.
Marya Dmitrievna Isaeva and Fyodor Dostoesvky are permitted to take up residence in European Russia.
Promoted to lieutenant but still forbidden to leave Siberia
Returns to St Petersburg after ten years’ exile.
Publishes Uncle’s Dream
Becomes editor of Vremya (“Time”), a literary journal (though officially his brother Mikhail was editor, as Dostoevsky was under police supervision due to his status as a convict)
Publishes “The Insulted and Injured” and “The House of the Dead“.
Dostoevsky makes his first trip abroad, visiting several western European countries, including England, France and Switzerland. Beginning of liaison with Apollinaria (Polina) Suslova. visiting countries like England and France In London he meets the father of Russian socialism, Alexander Herzen.
Dostoevsky’s journal “Time” is banned by the authorities (ostensibly due to an article on the Polish uprising by Strakhov).
Dostoevsky is elected secretary of the Society for Aid to Needy Writers and Scholars (aka the Literary Fund).
Dostoevsky and brother Mikhail plan to launch a new monthly to be called Pravda (“Truth”), but the authorities consider the name too provocative, the new journal is entitled Epokha (“Epoch”): it lasts only a year and ends in failure.
Dostoevsky's wife Marya, and brother Mikhail die.
Dostoevsky resigns his secretariat of the Literary Fund to avoid appearance of undue influence, when he himself must apply to it for financial aid.
Lonely, in despair, still writing, Dostoevsky leaves Russia to escape his debts, and goes to Wiesbaden. Gambles and loses.
Apollinaria Suslova declines marriage proposal.
'The Gambler' published.
Marries Anna Grigoryevna Snitkina, age 19, whom he had hired as a stenographer while working on 'The Gambler'.
First child Sofiya born but dies only months later. They move briefly to Italy.
Daughter Lyubov born in Dresden. The family in great poverty.
Returns to Russia, stops gambling.
Son Fyodor born in St Petersburg.
The Devils is published serially.
Becomes editor of The Citizen but resigns a year later. Starts writing Diary of a Writer, a monthly column.
Imprisoned once again, this time for violation of censorship regulations.
Launches and becomes sole editor of a new monthly periodical a monthly journal called A Writer’s Diary composed of short stories, sketches, and articles. “The Peasant Marey” “A Gentle Creature” are published in the journal.
Second son, Alexei dies at age 3.
Delivers famous speech on Pushkin in Moscow to enormous crowds and wide acclaim.
Dies in St. Petersburg on January 28 at the age of 59 due to a lung haemorrhage (burst blood vessel in his lungs aggravated by an epileptic seizure). Buried in Alexander Nevsky Monastery cemetery.
Dostoevsky graduates from the Nikolayev Military Engineering Institute as lieutenant and works as a draughtsman in St. Petersburg Army Engineering Corps. He enjoys a brief period with a lavish lifestyle working as an engineer, and also translating books to earn extra money.
Released from prison, but was forced to enrol as a private (military exile in Siberia) in the Seventh Line Battalion at Semipalatinsk (in Kazakhstan). Meets his future wife through friendship with Baron Vrangel.
Between 1859 and 1861, publishes the serialized novella, “Village of Stepanchikovo”; it is not well received, and one critic proclaims Dostoevsky to be finished as a writer.
The couple leave for western Europe, remaining abroad for four years. They live in Geneva, then Florence, Vienna, Prague, and finally Dresden.
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