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LITERATURE SIDE BY SIDE WITH THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT
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"Black Boy" by Richard Wright is published
Executive Order 9981 by President Truman
"Go tell it on the mountain" by James Baldwin is published
14 - year- old Emmett Till is murdered for allegedly whistling at a white woman. His murderers were declared not guilty by a white jury.
Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat at the front of the "coloured" section of a bus to a white passenger, confronting the southern customs of the time, getting her arrested. This causes a bus boycott by the Montgomery black community, of which Martin Luther King became president.
The Southern Christian Leadership Conference of which King becomes the first president has a huge influence on the organisation of the movement and bases its principles on non-violence and civil disobedience.
"Raisin in the sun" by Lorraine Hansberry is released.
"To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee is published
The Student non-violent Coordinating Committee is founded, providing young black stuendets with a place in the Civil Rights Movement.
James Meredith becomes the first black student to enroll at the University of Mississipi.
Martin Luther King is arrested during anti-segregation protests in Birmingham
"I have a dream" by Martin Luther King at the Lincoln Memorial.
Four young girls are killed by a bomb explosion at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, Birmingham. Riots erupt with more deaths.
President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964. It prohibits discrimination of all kinds of race, colour, religion, or natural origin, providing the federal government with the powers to enforce desegregation.
Malcom X is shot to death
Bloody Sunday: Selma, Alabama. A march done by black citizens is taking place in support of voting rights when they are stopped at the Edmund Pettus Bridge by a police blockade. 50 marchers are hospitalised after police uses tear gas, whips, and clubs against them. Catalyst for pushing through the voting rights act five months later.
Voting Rights Act, allowing black people from the South to register to vote. Literacy tests, poll taxes and other such requirements that were used to restrict black voting are made illegal.
President Johnson issues Executive Order 11246, which enforces affirmative action for the first time, trying to remedy discrimination as the civil rights laws are alone were not enough.
Black Panthers are founded by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale.
In Loving V, Virginia laws which banned interracial marriages are being revised.
Martin Luther King is shot at the stands on the balcony outside his hotel room, in Memphis, Tennessee. James Earl Ray is convicted of the crime.
President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1968, prohibiting discrimination in the sale, rental and financing of housing.
CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT
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