Anaximenes (ca 585 - ca 528 BC), Greek (jan 1, 585 BC – jan 1, 528 BC)
From Miletus in Ionia
- Material monism (substance materialism).
- Everything is, or comes from, air; air is the arche. It is the original stuff, the fundamental cause or first principle that explains everything else in the cosmos. If Anaximenes really was a material monist, then he thought that air persists through change.
- Like Thales, Anaximenes seems to have thought that air is God (which would seem to make air divine and divinity material).
- None of his writings remains.
- Student of Anaximander
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