SC Black Codes (sep 14, 1865 – oct 8, 1872)
When Andrew Johnson assumed the presidency, he moved quickly to restore order to the South by placing power back in the hands that had traditionally held it. After appointing provisional governors for North Carolina by the end of May 1865, and South Carolina by June of that same year, Johnson allowed reconstituted governments in these southern states to be dominated by former Confederates. When these new governments turned their attention to how to control their former slaves, the predictable results were known as the "Black Codes." These extracts from South Carolina's Black Code, passed in December 1865, illustrate just how difficult white landholders wanted to make it for freedpeople to work on their own behalf.
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