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A new constitution is drawn up by Thomas Jefferson George Washingtin becomes the first president in 1789
Louisiana territory is åpurchased from France for $15 million, doubling the country´s size
Meriwether Lewis & William Clark are assigned to map the new territory. With the help of sacagawea they reach the pacific ocean in 1805
Frontiersmen & trappers roam the unorganized territory acquiring animal furs for trade
steamboats begin plying on the Mississippi river
florida is acquired from Spain. The US fight 3 wars with the native seminies
The Erie canal links the Great lakes to New York City & the Atlantic ocean.
1830-50 Native americans are forcibly relocated to reservations by the indian removal Act. Thounsands die the ´trail of tears´.
The republic of texas, once part of Mexico, is annexed by the united states
The oregon treaty Britain gives American pioneers access to the Pacific Northwest
California & the southwest are won in the Mexican-Amercian war. Settlers rush west after gold discovered
The American south produces 3/4th of the world´s cotton
Abraham lincoln is elected president. he is against the expansion of siavery.
11 Southern stated break away & form the Confederate states of America
The confederate army attacks Fort sumter starting the American Civil War. They defat the Union army again at bull Run.
Paleo-americans cross are frozen bridge from Asia
they travel south between the Laurentide & Cordilleran ice
The clovis culture develops stone tooles to hunt Mammoths
The Mississippian culture develops agriculture and cities based around huge ceremonial. 800 AD - 1600
The Anasazi people build great cliff dwelling 900 ad - 1350
Hiawatha & the great peacemaker found the Iroquoies Confederacy
Christopher Columbus reaches the New World
Ponce de Leon arrives in Florida. Spanish settlements come up in Florida & New Mexico.
The French traders establish outposts along the Mississippi river.
The English establish the Roanoke colony in Virginia.
Three years later the colony is mysteriously deserted.
The Virginia colony is established at Jamestown.
John Rolfe marries Pocahontas, the daughter of the Powhatan chief and starts the plantation of Tobacco.
The first African slaves are brought to work the Tobacco plantations.
The Pilgrims, a religious group escaping persecution in England arrive on the Mayflower and set up the Plymouth colony.
Half the pilgrims die in the first winter. The survivors are helped by the native Americans
16,000 Puritans (strict protestants) settle the Massahchussets Bay colony
Harvard University is etablished
New Netherlands (New York & New Jersey) is seized from the Dutch.
Georgia, the last of the 13 British colonies, is etablished.
The colonial population is 2 million, compared to Britain's 6 million.
Violent anto-tax protests lead to the Boston Massacre.
Protestors throw an entire shipment of tea (worth $2 million today) into Boston harbor.
Patriot militia stand up to the British troops sent to disarm them at Lexington & Concord
Representatives of the 13 colonies sign the Declaration of Independence
The continental army is raised under the command of George Washington
The Americans win a decisive victory at Saratoga. This convinces France to join the war on the American side.
The British surrender to American & French forces after the seige of Yorktown
Britain recognizes the independence of the 13 colonies at the treaty of Paris. The united stated becomes the first country to gain independence from an European power.
The unionists wins the battles of Shiloh and Antietam with heavy casualties on both sides.
Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation, declaring all slaves in the south to be free.
The Union army halts the Confederate invasion of the North at Gettysburg.
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