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HIV Time Line
Genesis Jared Lindain
3 months ago
1981 The CDC received report of unusually high rates of the rare disease PCP and Kaposis Sarcoma in young gay men.
1982 • The disease is renamed AIDS • It is realized that the infection can be sexually transmitted. • The first cases of AIDS are reported in Africa. • Canada reports its first case of AIDS in March.
1983 It is discovered that women can become infected with AIDS through heterosexual sex. WHO begins global surveillance of AIDS.
1984 A heterosexual AIDS epidemic is reported in Africa.
1986 It is discovered that HIV can be passed from mother to child through breast-feeding. The Canadian AIDS society is established
1987 The FDA approves the first anti-retroviral drug, AZT. The WHO develops the first global strategy on AIDS.
1988 WHO announces that December 1st will be the first World AIDS day.
1991 The Red Ribbon becomes the international symbol of AIDS awareness.
1993 It is found that some people have resistance to AZT even though they have never taken the drug. It is realized that HIV is spreading rapidly in Asia and the Pacific.
1994 Research shows that AZT reduces the risk of vertical transmission of HIV from mother to child by two-thirds during pregnancy.
1995 The CDC announces that AIDS has become the leading cause of death among Americans aged 25–44 years.
1996 Highly Active Anti-retroviral Therapy (HAART) becomes the standard treatment for HIV infection.
1997 The US reports that the number of AIDS-related deaths has dropped substantially for the first time.
1999 The WHO announces that HIV/AIDS has become the fourth largest killer worldwide.
2001 UNAIDS reports that over 40 million people are living with HIV/AIDS, and 24.8 million people have died. Women make up half of those living with HIV/AIDS.
2002 HIV becomes the leading cause of death worldwide in people aged 15–59 years.
2007 The WHO and UNAIDS recommend that "male circumcision should always be considered as part of a comprehensive HIV prevention package."
2008 The 20th anniversary of World AIDS Day.
2013 WHO releases new HIV treatment guidelines that recommend starting treatment when the CD4 count falls below 500. PHAC releases a new HIV screening and testing guide that includes recommendations to promote HIV testing during routine medical care.
2011 Supreme Court of Canada rules that InSite, Vancouver's supervised injection site, can continue to operate without the continual threat of legal interference.
2014 The UN issues new HIV treatment targets: 90% of all people living with HIV diagnosed, 90% of those diagnosed on treatment, and 90% of those on treatment virally suppressed by 2020.
2015 Results from the PROUD study in England confirm that Truvada as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is highly effective for gay men in a “real world” setting. Gilead Sciences applies to Health Canada for approval of Truvada asPrEP in Canada.
2016 Health Canada approves use of daily oral Truvada (tenofovir plus FTC) for use as pre- exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to reduce the risk of sexual transmission of HIV. Updated results from the HPTN 052 and PARTNER studies continue to show that antiretroviral treatment (ART) and an undetectable viral load significantly reduces the risk for HIV transmission through both anal and vaginal sex
2005 Health Canada approves a rapid HIV antibody test for sale to health professionals in Canada, which enables point-of-care (POC) testing that can provide an accurate HIV antibody test result in two minutes.
2016 830,000 people were living with HIV in Brazil 48,000 new infections 14,000 people died due to AIDS related illnesses, down from 15,000 a rate that had been stable for five years
2015 Brazil began providing self-testing kits to the general population.
1990 Brazil began manufacturing generic ARVs in the 1990s and now produces 11 of the 20 ARVs used for HIV and AIDS treatment
2012 Brazil adopted the recommended Option B+, in which pregnant women should start treatment regardless of CD4 count
2013 Brazil started to implement Treatment as Prevention (TasP)
1996 Brazil's Congress passed a law guaranteeing free, universal access to drugs for AIDS treatment
1986 Brazil's The National AIDS Program was established
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