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Ralph Emerson resigns from church. He is upset with the current status of the Unitarian Church. Emerson wants to focus on spirituality and self promotion. This starts the Transcendentalism movement.
Transcendental Club formed. It has an emphasis on the union between mind and nature. Human development should based on personal reflection and experiences with less of a dependence on religion. Emerson publishes Nature. The novel put forth the foundation of Transcendentalism: a focus on nature.
Henry Thoreau publishes Walden. He moves to the woods and starts communal living. This reflects the natural emphasis of Transcendentalism and organic philosophy: to allow people to develop without outside interference.
Nathaniel Hawthorne publishes The Scarlet Letter. Hawthorne explores the connection between one's community and oneself. There is a focus on individual thinking and a relation to nature throughout the novel.
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