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Current aids epidemic starts in the mid to late 1970s. By this point an estimated 100,000 - 300,000 people had been infected with HIV
5 young otherwise healthy gay men are treated for PCP, a rare disease usually found in patients who are severely immuno-suppressed. 2 of the patients die
The first cases of PCP reported in injective drug users. By the end of 1981, there were over 270 cases of severe immuno-deficiency in gay men. 121 had died.
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention produce the first official report about what will later be called AIDS
This is reported on by AP and the LA Times. The San Francisco Chronicle reports on it a day later
US rep Henry Waxman convenes the first cong -ressional meeting on HIV/AIDS
Congress introduces legislation that provides $5 million to the CDC and $10 million to the National Institues of Health for AIDS research
Outbreak of immuno-deficiency in Southern Californian gay men leads to the belief the disease is sexual in nature. The disease is initially named GRID(Gay Related Immuno Deficiency)
CDC establishes National AIDS hotline
CDC reports cases of AIDS in female sexual partners of males with AIDS
Dr Robert Gallo of the NIH suggests that AIDS is caused by a retrovirus
The first bill that includes federal funding specifically targeted at AIDS research and treatment
CDC identifies all major routes of HIV transmission
The WHO holds its first meeting to assess the global AIDS situation
Dr. Gallo and Professor Luc Montagnier, from the Pasteur Institute in France, hold a joint press conference to announce that Dr. Montagnier’s Lymphadenopathy Associated Virus (LAV) and Dr. Gallo’s HTLV-III virus are almost certainly identical and are the likely cause of AIDS.
CDC states that avoiding injection drug use and reducing needle sharing can prevent HIV transmission
San Francisco closes bathhouses due to high-risk-sexual activity. This move is followed shortly by LA and NY.
Congress allocates $70 million for aids research
15-17 April: The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the World Health Organization host the first International AIDS Conference in Atlanta, Georgia.
The International Committee on the Taxonomy of Viruses declares that the virus that causes AIDS will officially be known as Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
The National Academy of Sciences issues a report critical of the U.S. response to a “national health crisis.” The report calls for a U.S. $2 billion investment. An Institute of Medicine report calls for a national education campaign and for creating a National Commission on AIDS.
The World Health Organization launches The Global Program on AIDS
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approves the first antiretroviral drug, zidovudine (AZT). The U.S. Congress approves $30 million in emergency funding to states for AZT.
President Reagan makes his first public speech about AIDS and establishes a Presidential Commission on HIV.
After a federal judge forces a school board to reinstate 3 haemophiliac brothers, angry local residents don't allow their children to attend the school, and someone burns down their house.
AIDS becomes the first disease ever debated on the floor of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly. The General Assembly resolves to mobilize the entire UN system in the worldwide struggle against AIDS and designates the WHO to lead the effort.
CDC launches the first AIDS-related public service announcements, “America Responds to AIDS.”
The World Health Organization declares December 1 to be the first World AIDS Day.
The U.S. Surgeon General, C. Everett Koop, launches the U.S.’s first coordinated HIV/AIDS education campaign by mailing a booklet, Understanding AIDS, to all American households.
The U.S. Congress created National Commission on AIDS meets for the first time.
The U.S. Congress enacts the Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency (CARE) Act of 1990, which provides $220.5 million in Federal funds for HIV community- based care and treatment services in its first year.
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