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The Philippine American War
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February 4, 1899 Emilio Aguinaldo sparks fight between American forces and Filipino nationalists because he wanted independence over a change in colonial rulers, signaling the beginning of the war.
March 3, 1899 American forces capture Malolos, the capital of the Philippine Republic on Luzon, driving out Aguinaldo and his government.
November 13, 1899 Emilio Aguinaldo declares that guerrilla warfare (small groups ambushing bigger, slower groups) is the official strategy.
March 16, 1900 The second Philippine Commission is held and headed by William Howard Taft and granted legislature and additionally given limited executive powers.
April 15, 1900 During the siege of Catubig, Filipino guerrillas ambush a detachment of American troops, and after 4 days, Americans evacuate the town of Catubig, located in Samar.
November 2, 1900 William McKinley defeats William Jennings Bryan in the United States presidential election.
March 23, 1901 General of American troops, Frederick Funston, and his soldiers capture Emilio Aguinaldo in Palanan, Isabela.
September 5, 1901 Theodore Roosevelt becomes President of the United States following the assassination of former President, William McKinley.
February 17, 1902 Filipino General, Vicente Lukbán, is captured by American forces at Samar while the resistance continues in the interior of Samar.
April 13, 1902 The surrender of General Miguel Malvar, his ill wife, their children, and a few of Malvar's officers, which resulted in Filipino's war effort being weakened.
April 27, 1902 What is believed to be the last guerrilla force in Samar, surrenders.
July 1, 1902 The United States passes the Philippine Organic Act, which allowed for the creation of an elected Philippine Assembly.
July 2, 1902 The Secretary of War telegraphed that the Philippine insurrection against the authority of America was coming to a close, provincial civil governments were being established, and the office of the Military Governor was terminated.
July 4, 1902 The President of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, proclaimed a pardon and amnesty to all persons on the Philippine archipelago who took part in conflict, signaling the end of the war.
April 1, 1901 Emilio Aguinaldo swore an oath that accepted the authority of the United States over the Philippines along with pledging his allegiance to the American government at the Malacañang Palace in Manila.
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