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Russian Revolution timeline
8 months ago
Failed attempt to assassinate Tsar Alexander II by blowing up his palace dining room kills 11 and wounds 56.
Tsar Alexander II passes the Emancipation Edict, ending serfdom in Russia
Tsar Alexander III dies after a sudden illness; his son Nicholas II assumes the throne.
Lenin dies, leading to a power struggle within the party. Stalin emerges as Party leader. His rival Leon Trotsky is dismissed, then exiled and finally murdered in 1940.
Germany declares war on Russia; Russia enters World War I.
Lenin sends a telegram to communists in Penza, Central Russia
An armistice between Russia and the Central Powers is signed, and Russian leaves World War I.
Tsar Nicholas II abdicates and also removes his son from the succession. A Provisional Government is formed to replace the tsarist government.
Tsar Nicholas II and his family are executed by the Bolsheviks.
October Manifesto – Tsar Nicholas II promises civil liberties (such as freedom of speech) and an elected parliament (Duma).
Russian minister of war Alexander Kerensky launches an offensive against Austria-Hungary forces.
Pogroms against Jews spread across the Russian Empire, leading to mass emigration of the Jewish population.
Communist parties form across the world.
By the beginning of 1921, money has lost 96% of its pre-war value; industrial production has fallen to 10% of its 1913 level.
Stalin is appointed General Secretary of the Communist Party.
Brest-Litovsk Treaty - Russia ends its participation in the First World War
Grigori Rasputin, the controversial ‘holy man’ and close friend of Tsar Nicholas II’s family, is murdered after several failed attempts.
Lenin, future leader of the Bolsheviks, is arrested to be kept in solitary confinement for 13 months and then exiled to Siberia.
The decrees on LAND and PEACE are issued by new Bolshevik government
Bloody Sunday- Troops and police open fire on a peaceful demonstration outside the Winter Palace and elsewhere in St Petersburg
Lenin returns from exile
Each person receives 1/4 pound of bread per day. Bread and flour are still being sold openly, but for extortionate prices.
Creation of the Soviet Union.
Introduction of Lenin’s ‘New Economic Policy’ (NEP) – a little bit of Capitalism mixed in.
The Bolsheviks seize control of Petrograd and take control of the Winter Palace, the last remaining holdout of the Provisional Government.
Civil War begins between Bolsheviks (reds) and Mensheviks (whites)
Famine in Russia kills between 375,000 and 400,000 and affects millions more.
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