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EU - Key Events
10 months ago
World War II ends
Treaty of Paris creates European Coal and Steel Community
Treaty of Rome creates the European Economic Community and EURATOM.
Charles de Gaulle, leader of France, vetoes the UK's application.
Merger treaty combines the ECSC, EEC and EURATOM into the European Community
The UK Ireland Denmark
Maastrict Treaty (or Treaty on European Union ('TEU')) creates the European Union and the first social policies (including European citizenship)
Schengen treaty creates the Schengen area
First EC Parliament elections
Single European Act sets out the intention to create a Single Market by 1993
Belgium France West Germany Italy Luxembourg the Netherlands
Finland Sweden Austria
Slovenia Czech Republic Lithuania Estonia Latvia Slovakia Poland Hungary Malta Cyprus
Bulgaria Romania Croatia
European Union of Federalists hopes to draw up a European constitution. The UK rejects this; the Council of Europe is created.
The EEC aims to create: - common market - customs union - free movement of capital - free movement of labour
European Court of Justice created
European Free Trade Association created by the UK, Austria, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Sweden and Switzerland. EFTA aims to establish free trade, but opposes a customs union and supranational institutions
Britain, Denmark and Ireland apply to join the EEC.
Although Norway had applied to join the EC, it does not join because the national referendum is rejected.
This is the first committment by the member states to create a European 'Union'.
First borders removed as part of the Schengen pact.
Allegations of fraud and mismanagement at the Commission. Lots of resignations and promises of radical change.
Euro formally comes into existence as the official currency of 11 countries.
New European constitution is signed
Fall of the Berlin Wall
Lisbon Treaty (Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union) ('TFEU')
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