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History of Psychology timeline - Kassidy Earnhardt
4 months ago
Aristotle: Greek naturalist and philosopher who theorized about learning, memory, motivation, emotion, perception, and personality
René Descartes: 1596-1650 Originated the concept of Dualism
John Locke: 1632-1704 No innate ideas: all knowledge comes from experience or reflection.
Charles Darwin: 1850's studied evolution on finches and expanded his study onto humans
Wilhelm Wundt: Father of Psychology Intended to make psychology a reputable science. Did not think that high order mental processes could be studied experimentally.
William James: 1842-1910 Expanded psychology to animal behavior.
Ivan Pavlov: 1849-1936. Created “Classical Conditioning.”
John Watson: 1913 “I can take a child and make him into anything, a beggar, a doctor, a thief.”
Herman Ebbinghaus 1885 Published classic studies on memory, nonsense syllables, learning curve.
American Psychological Association (APA) founded in 1892 governing body of all research not conducted by universities.
G. Stanley Hall First president of the APA
B.F. Skinner: 1950’s Believed that all behavior is a result of rewards and punishments in the past.
Sigmund Freud: 1856-1939 Became convinced that patients difficulties were due to mental rather than physical problems. Proposed that distress due to problems that dated back to childhood.
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