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The assassination of Francis Bernard- On June 28, 1914, a teenage Serbian nationalist gunned down Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, as their motorcade maneuvered through the streets of Sarajevo. Next in line for the Austro-Hungarian throne, Ferdinand had not been particularly well liked in aristocratic circles. Nonetheless, his death quickly set off a chain reaction of events culminating in the outbreak of World War I.
Russia mobilizes- On July 30, 1914 Russia mobilizes its vast army to intervene against Austria-Hungary in favor of its ally, Serbia. This move starts a chain reaction that leads to the mobilization of the rest of the European Great Powers, and inevitably to the outbreak of hostilities.
The U.S enters the war- On April 6, 1917, The U.S Congress authorizes a declaration of war against Germany. The United States enters World War I on the side of France and Britain. Wilson cited Germany's violation of its pledge to suspend unrestricted submarine warfare in the North Atlantic and the Mediterranean, as well as its attempts to entice Mexico i\ into an alliance against the U.S, as his reasons for declaring war.
Germany and Russia make peace- March 3, 1918 The Germans sign a peace treaty with the new Bolshevik government of Russia. The terms of the treaty give Germany huge tracts of l and that had been the Ukraine and Poland, and peace on the Eastern Front allows Germany to shift soldiers to the Western Front, causing serious problems for the French, British, and Americans.
The First Tanks- Sept. 15. 1916 The British employ the first tanks ever used in battle, at Delville Wood. Although they are useful at breaking through barbed wire and clearing a path for the infantry, tanks are still primitive and they fail to be the decisive weapon, as their designers thought they would be.
Treaty of Versailles- 28 June 1919 The Treaty of Versailles was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end. The Treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919 in Versailles, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
Trench Warfare Begins - Sep 5 1914 The First Battle of the Marne begins. Trench warfare begins as soldiers on both sides dig in. The First Battle of the Marne begins. Trench warfare begins as soldiers on both sides dig in.
Jan 19. 1917- Germany sends the secret Zimmerman Telegram to Mexico in an effort to entice Mexico to join the war. The British intercept and decipher the coded message.
February 21 - The Battle of Verdun begins . The Battle of Verdun was the longest battle of World War I and was one of the bloodiest. The battle took place on the hills north of Verdun-sur-Meuse in north-eastern France.
August 6 1914 - Serbia declares war on Germany and Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia. So Russia agreed to join Serbia if Austria-Hungary attacked. Austria-Hungary had a military alliance with Germany. An alliance is an agreement to act together. When Austria-Hungary declared war in July 1914, Germany joined the fight against Serbia.
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