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history of psychology
3 months ago
Aristotle: Greek philosopher who terrorized
Rene Descartes: originated the concept of Dualism, mind could follow body and vise versa, voluntary and involuntary behavior
John Locke: knowledge should be acquired by careful observations, no innate ideas, mind is a blank state written by experience
Charles Darwin: evolution include humans
Wilhelm Wundt: intended to make psychology a reputable science.
William James: functionalism, expanded psychology to animal behavior
Herman Ebbinghaus: published classic studies on memory, nonsense syllables, and learning curve
American Psychological Association (APA): governing body of all research not conducted by universities.
G. Stanley Hall: first president of the APA
G. Stanley Hall: started the American Psychological Journal
Ivan Pavlov: created "classical conditioning"
John Watson: "I can take a child and make him into anything, a beggar, a doctor, a thief."
B.F Skinner: believed that all behavior is a result of rewards and punishments in the past.
Sigmund Freud: patients difficulties were due to mental rather physical problems, distress due to problems that dated back to childhood.
Humanistic theory: emphasize free-will, able to control one's own choice.
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