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Timeline of Movement
9 months ago
9 months ago
On February 1, 1960, four students from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College. in Greensboro begin a sit-in at Woolworth's Drug Store to protest company.This bans African Americans from sitting at its counters.
Census of 1960, U.S. population: 179,323,175, Black population: 18,871,831 (10.6 percent)
On April 15, 150 black and white students gather at Shaw University in North Carolina. To form the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
The Civil Rights Act of 1960 is signed into law by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on May 6
John F. Kennedy defeats Vice President Richard Nixon. Many observers credit African American voters with Kennedy's narrow margin of victory.
7 blacks and 4 whites leave Washington, D.C., for the Deep South on the first Freedom Ride for the Congress of Racial Equality
Riots on the University of Georgia campus in September fail to prevent the enrollment of the institutions first two African American students
Vivian Malone and James Hood register for classes at the University of Alabama. They are the first African American students to attend the university.
Demanding civil rights and equal opportunity for African Americans. Martin Luther King delivers his "I Have a Dream" speech here.
Marian Anderson and Ralph Bunche are the first black winners of the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) organizes the Mississippi Freedom Summer Project.
Sidney Poitier wins the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance in the film, "Lilies of the Field." He is the first African American male actor to win in that category.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is passed by Congress on July 2. The act bans discrimination in all public accommodations and by employers. It also establishes the Equal Opportunity Employment Commission (EEOC)
Malcolm X is assassinated at the Audubon Ballroom in the Washington Heights section of Manhattan, New York on February 21.
Selma-to-Montgomery protest march to draw attention to the continued denial of black voting rights in the state. President Lyndon Johnson proposes the Voting Rights Act to guarantee black voting throughout the South.
In March, the White House release "The Negro Family: The Case for National Action," popularly known as the Moynihan Report.
The Voting Rights Act is signed into law on August 6.
On Aug. 9, Michael Brown, an unarmed 18-year-old was shot and killed in Ferguson, Mo., by Darren Wilson. On Nov. 24, the grand jury decision not to indict Wilson was announced, sparking protests in Ferguson and cities across the U.S. The protests continued to spread throughout the country December not to indict Daniel Pantaleo, the police officer involved in the death of Eric Garner.
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