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Latin American Revolutions
9 months ago
Napoleon invades Spain and Portugal, putting the governments is panic and weakening control.
Haitian Revolution occurs, inspiring, and providing a model for the revolutions of Latin America.
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a Catholic priest, declares the Grito De Dolores, or Cry of Dolores, igniting the Mexican Revolution.
Hidalgo is captured and defeated slowing the revolution down.
The reign of the Spanish in Mexico ends and a new government takes power. The Plan of iguana establishes Mexico as an independent constitutional monarchy.
Jose Maria Morelos is executed. The priest and marshal took command after Hidalgos death.
The battle of Maipú led by Argentine José de San Martin was part of the Chilean Independence movement. The battle defeated the Spanish forces and lead to the freedom of Argentina and Chile.
Battle at Junín was a win for Simón Bolivar against the Spanish under Marshal José de Canterac.
The Battle of Ayacucho was an important battle in the Peruvian war of independence won by Simón Bolivar. This causes the end of Spanish presence in Peru.
Colombia gained limited independence through street protests that put pressure on the Viceroy. This independence would become the permanent independence of Colombia.
Colonists rebelling in Venezuela against the Spanish rule. They gain their independence after ten years.
The Paraguayan Republic was created.
A group called the Banda Oriental from Uruguay declared in dependence from Brazil. A war followed that lasted for three years
Jose De San Martin takes over Lima from Spanish control and declares Peruvian Independence. Although Peru remains under Spanish influence until Simon Bolivar's army liberated it three years later.
Pedro writes a letter to João VI, essentially ending Portuguese control of Brazil, beginning Brazilian independence.
Simon Bolivar leads Bolivia to independence after a 15 year struggle that included many battles and countless deaths.
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