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History of Mars by Juan Centeno
2 months ago
Mariner flies by Mars and captures its first ever images. Scientists become too impatient and create images based on photo data.
Actual photos captured of Mars prove disappointing to scientist expecting agriculture, water and habitable environment.
Mariner 9 Spacecraft captures images of Mars and discovers several signs of craters and volcanoes. Proof of ancient riverbeds
Image of Icecap on Mars. Proof Mars once had water.
Univ. of Arizona concludes that Mars' surface shows evidence of salt liquid water on Mars.
Astronomers create map of Mars' surface using telescopes.
Martian meteorite discovered in Antartica shows signs of "Magnetite" a mineral that on Earth is typically related to organisms.
Viking 2 lands on Mars as the second time to land on Mars. Second Spacecraft to land on Mars.
Viking 1 successfully lands on Mars 6 weeks before the previous spacecraft making it the first ever spacecraft to ever land on Mars. This is known to be the firt photograph ever taken of Mars' surface. Video on more on Viking landing.
Galileo Galilei makes first telescopic observation of Mars through his weak telescope. Seen as a "simple disk without marks".
Francisco Fontana, and Italian lawyer was the first to produce drawings of the planet Mars with his telescope.
Christian Hyugen, a Dutch physicist and mathematician notices that the dark phases of Mars changes. Concludes Mars makes a full rotation every 24 hours.
Giovanni Domenico Cassini, a French astronomer, observes that Mars has several "white patches" resembling polar caps. Challenges Hyugen's estimate and claims that Mars' full rotation consists of 24 hours and 4o minutes.
Robert Hooke, claims he may have imagined "spots" on Mars but not fully visible because of unsteady air.
Hyugen once again observes and sketches the patterns of Mars. This time he shows the areas for possible poles.
William Hershel, a British Astronomer, measures Mars' axial tilt with his reflecting telescopes. He also believes the planet has polar ice caps.
Johann Hieronymus Schroeter also uses mirror telescopes to observe and illustrate Mars.
Johann Henrich Maedler, schoolteacher, and Willhelm Beer, banker. begin developing images geological surface features of Mars.
Maedler and Beer develop the outlines of Mars into global coordinate system
Maedler and Beer develop a full map of Mars featuring the North and South Poles.
William Huggins, an amateur astronomer, observes Mars' rotation focusing its markings.
Sketches done by Warren de la Rue, veteran observer and colleague of Huggins.
Astronomer and scientist Richard Proctor publishes Map of Mars containing assumed bodies of water and land. The map was based off William Rutter Dawes' drawings.
Camille Flammarion, French astronomer, publishes Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli's detailed map of Mars who names the markings off of mythical and historically important names.
Percival Lowell, a famous French astronomer, focuses on identifying thin dark also known as the "canali". His inspiration came from astronomer Schiaparelli. The term "canali" can also translate to "channels."
J.E. Evans and Walter Maunder test wether the "canals" on Mars can be subjective. By making schoolboys draw an and connect the canals on Mars, they conclude that the drawings all seem similar.
NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) captures faults in Mars that disrupt the layers and displacing the individual beds.
NASA's MRO captures image of Mars crater. The crater is approximately 1000 meters long and extends from Arabia Terra to lowlands of Deuteronilus Mensae.
NASA's Mars rover Curiosity successfully lands on Mars.
Egyptians portray Mars as "Horus of the Horizon" a god with the body of a human and the head of a hawk
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