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November 1, 1478: The Spanish Inquisition begins.
August 3, 1492: Christopher Columbus sets sail from Spain after Spain's Queen Isabella sponsors his expedition to Asia.
August 13, 1521: The Aztec Empire in Mexico is conquered by Spanish explorer Herman Cortes.
April 18, 1618: The Thirty Years' War begins.
January 18, 1762: Spain joins the Seven Years' war by officially declaring war on Great Britain.
July 9, 1701: The War of Spanish Succession begins.
September 25, 1808: The Spanish-American War for Independence begins.
February 16, 1808: The Peninsular War begins against Napoleon and the French.
April 24, 1898: Spain declares war on the United States, beginning the Spanish-American War.
July 17, 1936: The Spanish Civil War begins between Spain's Nationalist and Republican parties.
November 20, 1975: Spain officially begins its transition to a democracy.
May 30, 1982: Spain joins NATO as the first country to join since 1955.
January 1, 1986: Spain joins the European Economic Community (now known as the European Union).
May 11, 2004: A series of coordinated train bombings kills 199 people in Madrid, Spain.
November 16, 1532 - 1572: Spanish explorer Francisco Pizarro conquers the Inca Empire in what is now Peru and establishes the city of Lima.
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