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history of computers
2 months ago
(In France) Joseph Marie Jacquard invented a loom that used punched wooden cards to weave fabric designs.
English mathematician Charles Babbage conceives a steam-driven calculating machine that would be able to compute tables of numbers. But it was a FAILURE.
Herman Hollerith designed a punch card system to calculate the 1880 census. He accomplished the task in just three years, saving the government $5 million. He established the company that eventually became IBM.
Alan Turing presented the notion of a universal machine, later known as the Turing machine, capable of computing anything that was computable.
J.V. Atanasoff attempts to build the first computer without gears, cams, belts, or shafts.
Hewlett-Packard is founded by David Packard and Bill Hewlett in a Palo Alto, California, garage.
Atanasoff and graduate student, Clifford Berry, design a computer that can solve 29 equations simultaneously.
William Shockley, John Bardeen, and Walter Brattain of Bell Laboratories invent the transistor. No need for a vacuum.
Grace Hopper develops the first computer language known as COBOL.
Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce unveil the integrated circuit, known as the computer chip.
Two University of Pennsylvania professors build the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator. (Fills a 20' by 40' room and has 18,000 vacuum tubes.)
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