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American Indian Movement
5 months ago
Creation of AIM
Occupation of Alcatraz Island- led by the Native American group, Indians of All Tribes, or IAT, Native Americans took over and held Alcatraz Island as Indian Land. AIM was later involved (Nov 20, 1969 - Jun 11, 1971)
the "Trail of Broken Treaties" march on Washington, D.C- app. 1,000 angry Native Americans seized files from the Bureau of Indian Affairs, or BIA, offices causing >$2 mil in damages.The Nixon administration provided $66,000 in transportation monies in return for a peaceful end to the takeover and agreed to appoint a NA to a BIA post. (nov 1971)
occupation of Wounded Knee, South Dakota- 200 members of local Oglala Lakota Indians, led by AIM members, seized the village of Wounded Knee declaring it to be an independent nation with a single demand of the return of the Great Sioux Nation allegedly promised to them by the United States in the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868.
the Pine Ridge shootout- two undercover FBI agents chased a pickup truck into an area near an AIM encampment. During the shootout, the two FBI Agents and one Indian activist were killed. >300 FBI agents swarmed making dozens of arrests and prosecutions. Ultimately, AIM activist Leonard Peltier received two life sentences for his role in the FBI killings
Federation of survival schools- created to provide advocacy and networking skills to 16 survival schools throughout the US and Canada.
'Longest Walk'- Several hundred American Indian activists and supporters marched 5 months from San Francisco to Washington, D.C., to draw attention to American Indian concerns, protesting threats to tribal lands and water rights. app. 24 people survived the entire walk
New time period
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