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American Indian Movement
8 months ago
Creation of AIM
Occupation of Alcatraz Island- led by the Native American group, Indians of All Tribes, or IAT, Native Americans took over and held Alcatraz Island as Indian Land. AIM was later involved (Nov 20, 1969 - Jun 11, 1971)
the "Trail of Broken Treaties" march on Washington, D.C- app. 1,000 angry Native Americans seized files from the Bureau of Indian Affairs, or BIA, offices causing >$2 mil in damages.The Nixon administration provided $66,000 in transportation monies in return for a peaceful end to the takeover and agreed to appoint a NA to a BIA post. (nov 1971)
occupation of Wounded Knee, South Dakota- 200 members of local Oglala Lakota Indians, led by AIM members, seized the village of Wounded Knee declaring it to be an independent nation with a single demand of the return of the Great Sioux Nation allegedly promised to them by the United States in the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868.
the Pine Ridge shootout- two undercover FBI agents chased a pickup truck into an area near an AIM encampment. During the shootout, the two FBI Agents and one Indian activist were killed. >300 FBI agents swarmed making dozens of arrests and prosecutions. Ultimately, AIM activist Leonard Peltier received two life sentences for his role in the FBI killings
Federation of survival schools- created to provide advocacy and networking skills to 16 survival schools throughout the US and Canada.
'Longest Walk'- Several hundred American Indian activists and supporters marched 5 months from San Francisco to Washington, D.C., to draw attention to American Indian concerns, protesting threats to tribal lands and water rights. app. 24 people survived the entire walk
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