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Prior to the 1800s •Ontario viewd people with developmental disabilties as not being able live independently or needing constant care, and therefore a burden to society. •People with developmental disabilties were often housed in local jails when they became too much of a burden to society
An "Act to Authorise the Erection of an Asylum within this Province for the Reception of Insane and/or Lunatic Persons." was passed in Ontario •Gave the Ontario Government legal ability to open and establish asylums to house poeple with developmental disabilties. •Dictated who was in charge of the asylum, and the regulations/guidelines for admitting a person to the institution. •No proper education was provided to those living in asylums.
American School for the Deaf •Founded by Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet •Said to have pioneered modern day ASL •Dictated who was in charge of the asylum, and the regulations/guidelines for admitting a person to the institution. •No proper education was provided to those living in asylums.
Rockwood Asylum for the Criminally Insane •First of its kind in that it was the first to have housed the "criminals" of Kinston Penitentiary
"Orillia Asylum for Idiots" •The Ontario provincial government opened it's first asylum for people with developmental disabilities •It was eventually renamed Ontario Hosiptal School. •It had approximately 2,000 residents at its peak in 1968. •Dr. Helen MacMurchy and Dr. C. Hincks
Canada erects "Immigration Act" •Provided Canadian government the right to deny entry to "idiots, imbeciles, the feeble-minded, dumb blind, physically defective, etc." •Made it hard for those with developmental disabilties from other countries to become Canadian citizens.
CNIB (Canadian National Institute for the Blind) •Comprised residential and employment programs •Advocacy work for the blind •Provided food, clothing, sheltered residences for blind veterans returning from WWI as well as the 850 people blinded by the Halifax explosion in 1917
Alberta enacted the "Sexual Sterilization Act" •Authorizes sexual sterilization •Specifies the conditions and procedures •First Canadian sterilization law
"Sexual Sterilization Act" enacted in B.C.
Repeal of the "Sexual Sterilization Act" in Alberta
6th print of the DSM-II
Canada passes "Canadian Human Rights Act" •This Act ensured equal opportunity for all Canadians, including those with developmental diabilities. •Only applies to federally (government) regulated activities, leaving out rights of individuals.
Ontario passes "Developmental Services Act" •This Act created new forms of support for people with developmental disabilties •The provincial government began funding community-run services such as group homes, life skills training programs, day programs, etc. •This Act aspired to be successful, but failed due to inadequate funding, rigorous application processes, long wait lists, etc
Beauport Asylum •First permanent psychiatric institution or "insane asylum"
Bill 82 •Requires school boards to provide Special Education rooms
Terry Fox begins his journey across Canada
Canada erects "Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms" •Ensures equity and fair treatment for ALL individuals living in Canada. •This Act allows everyone to have "the right not to be subjected to any cruel and unusua treatment or punishment." •Any previous legislation that did not follow this Act was
The Canadian Government repealed and replaced the "Developmental Services Act" with "Services and Supports to Promote the Social Inclusion of Peresons with Developmental Disabilities Act. •A refined version of the "Developmental Services Act" which helps to integrate people with developmental disabilties into everyday society, allowing inclusion with their fellow peers.
"Identification and Placement of Exceptional Pupils" regulation •Made IEPs an official requirement for exceptional students in schools
Public Apology from the Government of Alberta •Provided financial compensation to the victims of involuntary sexual sterilization
"Ontarians With Disabilities Act" •Improve the identity, removal, and prevention of barriers faced by persons with disabilities •Make related amendments to other Acts.
"Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act" •Improving accessibility standards to all public establishments by the year 2025
"Services and Supports to Promote the Social Inclusion of Persons with Developmental Disabilities Act" •Replaced "Developmental Services Act" •Uses newer, more modern language
Last doors close in Ontario of institutions that housed individuals with disabilities •The Rideau Regional Centre in Smith Falls, Ontario •The Huron Regional Centre in Orillia, Ontario
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