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Nicky Yu Nicky
4 months ago
Outbreak of World War I. UK enters hostilities against Germany. Gruelling trench warfare in Belgium and France.
War ends in November with armistice. The number of UK war dead runs to several hundred thousand.
UK agrees to the foundation of the Irish Free State. Northern Ireland remains part of the UK.
First UK government led by the Labour party under Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald.
General Strike arising from coal dispute
World stock market crash. Unemployment begins to rise in UK.
National Insurance Act A contributory scheme of health insurance is introduced for those in employment, which provided payment for medical treatment.
Limited numbers of women are given the vote for the first time The Representation of the People Act enfranchised all men over the age of 21, and propertied women over 30.
Exclusion of women from many jobs is made illegal Women could now become magistrates, solicitors and barristers.
Republic of Ireland gains independence
New constitution makes Ireland a republic in all but name
Economic crisis. Millions are unemployed. National Government coalition formed.
King Edward VIII abdicates over relationship with an American divorcee, Wallis Simpson.
Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain meets the leader of Nazi Germany, Adolf Hitler, in Munich. Chamberlain says he has averted war with Germany.
Germany invades Poland. UK declares war on Germany.
Winston Churchill becomes prime minister. British fighter pilots repel German air attacks in the Battle of Britain. London and other cities badly damaged in German bombing raids.
Allied troops invade France from Britain on D-Day (6th June) and begin to fight their way towards Germany.
Germany surrenders on 8 May. Labour leader Clement Atlee is elected prime minister to replace Winston Churchill. The new Labour government introduces the welfare state.
The former colony India wins independence.
National Health Service is established.
The UK becomes a founder member of Nato.
Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II.
UK intervenes in Suez Canal Zone, but withdraws under pressure from the US.
Ghana becomes the first British colony in Africa to gain independence
Women at Oxford University are allowed to receive degrees Although women had been able to attend degree level courses, they could not receive degrees until 1920.
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