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History of Mathematics-Samantha Holcomb
6 months ago
Writing is first developed in Ancient Near East
Rhind Papyrus, named after A. Henry Rhind is brought to England.
Social Changes bring fertile time for mathematics to an end in Mesopotamia.
Resurgence of interest in math for Babylonian astronomy
Invention of Paper
Beginning of Qin Dynasta, Emperor orders all books from earlier periods be burned.
Liu Hui releases his annotated and supplemented, The Nice Chapters on the Mathematical Art
Earliest record of mathematical arguments in Greek
The first Greek mathematician, Thales
Alexandria in the center for Greek mathematics
Archimedes writes about areas and volumes of various curved figures
Apollonius writes a treatise on conic sections
Greek geometric problems provide motivation for the development of coordinate geometry
Greek mathematics loses some of its creative flair
Most important late Greek mathematician, Pappus releases his Collection
Theon prepared new editions of Euclid's Elements and daughter Hypatia releases commentaries on her father's work
Last important Greek mathematician, Proclus releases commentary on Euclid's Elements influenced by neo-Platonic philosophy
Islamic forces attacked and conquered all of North America, most of the Middle East and parts of Western Europe
Brahmagupta & Bhaskara were among the first people to recognize and work with negative quantities
Bhaskara II, most important mathematician of medieval India
Indian mathematicians were using a place-value system based on powers of ten
Islamic Empire stretches from western edge of India to parts of Spain
Muhammad Ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi, one of the earliest Arabic mathematicians. Wrote several enormously influential.
After being translated into Latin, Al-Khwarzimi's book was the major source for Europeans who wanted to learn the new numeration system
Al-Khayammi releases an algebra book looking into how to solve an equation of degree 5
Al-Khashi develops a method for approximating the nth root of a number\
Political and social life in Western Europe settles down enough for people to focus on education again
Robert of Chester translated Al-Khwarizmi's that Latinized "al-jabr" into "algebra"
The Maya had developed a base-twenty place-value system for representing numbers
Jesuit schools had been established in many places
Galileo Galilei insists that one had to use mathematics in order to have a chance of understanding the world
Johannes Kepler discovers the planets move around the sun in elliptical orbits
Bonaventura Cavalieri works with the "principle of indivisibles"
Isaac Newton and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz independently discover "derivatives"
Maria Gaetana Agnesi is one of the first women to have an impact on modern mathematics
Greatest mathematician of the time, Leonard Euler. Studied with Johann Bernoulli
George Berkeley releases criticism of the public atheism of a mathematician who argued that theology was speculative and uncertain
Schools open and mathematicians are expected to teach (Europe)
Carl Friedrich Gauss, dominant mathematical figure
Karl Weierstrass is synonymous with rigor and precision
Albert Einstein uses Reimann's approach to geometry
Sophie Germain learns math from notes of male friends and is uncredited for her results working with the mathematical theory of elastic surfaces that contributed to the eiffel tower
First International Congress of Mathematics is held in Zurich
ICM invites David Hilbert
Formalists vs. Intuitionists
Kurt Godel found a way to prove that it is impossible to find a proof that contradictions would not arise
Invention of Computers!
Applied Mathematics is the same as Mathematical Physics
The seven "Millennium Problems" are at the Clay Mathematics Institute
Old Babylonian Period. Mathematical information collected on tablets.
Indian mathematics produces a wide range of interesting mathematics
The House of Wisdom
Trigonometry was one of the major theme in mathematics
Algebra takes center stage
Calculus is the main theme of mathematics
Time of Rigor and Professionalism
The Golden Age of Mathematics
Samantha Holcomb is studying Mathematics at Cal Poly SLO
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