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Key events in the Balkans
9 months ago
The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
Milosevic becomes President of the Republic of Serbia.
The Captain Dragan Foundation claims to be the largest non-government organisation in Serbia.
Milosevic becomes the President of Yugoslavia. A separatist group calling itself the Kosovo Liberation Army emerges. There is open conflict between the KLA (as it comes to be known) and the Serb police.
The European Union and United States begin to lift economic sanctions and offer aid. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia joins the United Nations. In parliamentary elections, the Reformist Alliance wins by a landslide and Zoran Djindjic goes on to become Serbian Prime Minister.
The Yugoslav Parliament agrees to form a new state, replacing the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia with a loose federation now called Serbia and Montenegro, and allowing for a further referendum on independence within three years. The arrangement is made in response to Montenegro’s growing discontent and desire for autonomy.
Kosovo declares itself independent. Serbia rejects the claim calling it illegal. Later that year wanted war crimes fugitive Radovan Karadzic is captured in Belgrade and brought before its War Crimes Court a few days later.
Serbian Parliament passes resolution apologising for the 1995 massacre of thousands of Muslims by Bosnian Serb forces in the Srebrenica.
The International Court of Justice announces that Kosovo’s unilateral declaration of independence in 2008 did not violate international law. The ruling is warmly received by the people of Kosovo. Serbia and its ally Russia refuse to accept the court’s decision.
World War I
Along with Slovenia, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro, Serbia becomes one of the six republics that comprise the new Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia under the Prime Ministership of Josep Broz Tito.
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