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5 months ago
5 months ago
PAPA JACK LAINE Known as the Father of Jazz, he is accredited with creating the ffirst form of Jazz known as "Blues"
W.C. HANDY Expanded Blues to have different sounds and instruments such as the Slapping Guitar
LOUIS ARMSTRONG Found success performing in Chicago and was the first respected African-American Jazz player and improvisational player
JELLY ROLL MORTON Added Tressillo and Spanish tinge as well as a swing time feel. Later considered to be essential to Jazz
PAUL WHITEMAN His all white orchestra popularized Jazz in all of US and then expanded to Europe
LESTER YOUNG Creates Bebop in opposition to regular swing and easy dto dance to jazz
LOUIS ARMSTRONG became featured soloist in Paul Whiteman's band. Revolutionized solos and popularized off tempo chords rather than melodies
DUKE ELLINGTON Helped turn Jazz from a swing into more of an ambiguous art composition
CHARLIE PARKER While performing "Cherokee" at Clark Monroe's Uptown House he created the harmonic sound to be used in Bebop
MARIO BAUZA & MACHITO Played first jazz piece in in clave base, the birth of afro Cuban jazz
DIZZY GILLESPIE & CHANO POZO Created jazz standards based on clave, revolutionizing Afro-Cuban Jazz to a more harmonic structure)
CHET BAKER, DAVE BRUBECK, BILL EVANS, GIL EVANS, STAN GETZ, THE MODERN JAZZ QUARTET, AND GERRY MULLIGAN Playing in Big Bands, made bebop fade to more smooth and soothing jazz
ART BLAKEY & JAZZ MESSENGERS Developed in response to cool Jazz The quintet turned mid 50’s bebop into more rhythmic blues.
JOHN COLTRANE Heavily influenced creation of Free Jazz with meter, beat and formality disappeared being loosely inspired by bebop and world music.
MONGO SANTAMARIA & CAL TJADER Used Afro-Cuban instruments such as congas, timbales, güiro, and claves to create Afro-Cuban Jazz
JIMI HENDRIX AND FRANK ZAPPA Cemented Fusion Jazz with rock rythms and electric instruments being highly used
MILES DAVIS embraced electric instruments with Jazz creating a quiet and static album giving Jazz Fusion a new direction
HERBIE HANCOCK & DAVIS’ BITCHES BREW Helped define the electronic, avant-garde form of Jazz and created the Psychedelic genre
HERBIE HANCOCK AND MILES DAVIS Combining traditional African music with Afro Cuban rhythms and synthesizers with a strong back beat created Jazz Funk, which later evolved into versions of soul, funk and disco
MILES DAVIS,EDDIE HARRIS, CHICK COREA, HERBIE HANCOCK, TONY WILLIAMS, JEAN-LUC PONTY LARRY CORYELL, AL DI MEOLA, Defying protests and combining Jazz and Rock this created a new genre popularizing electronic instruments in pair with guitar pedals, especially the Wa, and Fuzz pedals.
CHICK COREA & HERBIE HANCOCK Experimented with electronic instruments in the previous decade had abandoned them by the 1980s. Fusion was rejected in the Jazz scene and brought back Traditionalist sound
MILES DAVIS Playing of fusion to be a turning point that led to smooth jazz with lower tempos and a larger amount solos from brass instruments
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