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Changes of Regime Aurangzeb has been described as a bad leader for his policies that abandoned his predecessors' legacy of religious tolerance. His re-introduction of the Jizya tax (a tax all non-Muslim people had to pay), destruction of Hindu temples, and execution of the ninth Sikh guru sparked religious rebellions due to the unhappiness of people of otherreligions such as Hinduism and Sikhism. (1658) .
In 1659, Shivaji, launched a surprise attack on the Mughals. Shivaji and his forces attacked the Deccan, Janjira and Surat and tried to gain control of vast territories.
In 1669, the Hindu Jat peasants around Mathura rebelled and created the Bharatpur state but were defeated.
In 1671, the Battle of Saraighat was fought in the eastern regions of the Mughal Empire against the Ahom Kingdom. The Mughals attacked and were defeated by the Ahoms.
In 1672, the Satnami, a group concentrated in an area near Delhi, took over the administration of Narnaul, but theywere eventually crushed upon Aurangzeb's personal attack, with very few escaping alive. Soon afterwards, the Pashtuns revolted and Aurangzeb had to deal with this also. The Emperor gave land to his army leaders to pay them for their efforts and this left the peasants with very little and they had to pay high rents. They had to take desparate measures just to stay alive.
In 1679, the Rathore clan rebelled, when Aurangzeb didn't give permission to make the young Rathore prince the king, and took direct command of Jodhpur. This incident caused great unrest among the Hindu Rajput rulers under Aurangzeb and led to many rebellions in Rajputana.
In 1689 Aurangzeb's armies captured Shivaji's son and executed him. But, the Marathas continued the fight and it started the decline of the Mughal Empire.
A large number of Afghans in the eastern region were sullen at the loss of the Afghan power and were ready to join a rebellion. Akbar had to face with a very difficult situation. Due to the mishandling of the situation by local officials, Bengal and Bihar passed into the hands of the rebels who declared Mirza Hakim as their ruler. (1580)
Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun at the battle of Kannauj. (1540)
The Battle of Amristar, part of the Mughal-Sikh wars. The Sikhs attacked due to hostility from the Mughals. (1634)
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