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APUSH Winter Project
5 Jan 2018
Cultivation of Maize: The cultivation of maize was crucial for the development of stronger economies and more modern of lifestyles
Columbian Exchange: the widespread transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, technology, and ideas between the Americas and the Old World
The Line of Demarcation: Spain won control of lands discovered west of the line, while Portugal gained rights to new lands to the east.
Caste System: During the Spanish colonial period, Spaniards developed a complex system of racial hierarchy.
Spanish Exploration: Spanish exploration brought many new foods, weaponry, and ideas to the natives in the New World. But also brought many diseases such as smallpox.
Econmienda System: in colonial Spanish America, legal system by which the Spanish crown attempted to define the status of the Indian population in its American colonies
Founding of St. Augustine: Built on the site of an ancient Native American village, the European discoverer of Florida landed in 1513 in search of the legendary Fountain of Youth, it has been continually inhabited since its founding
Acoma war and defeat at Pueblo: After twelve soldiers were killed at Acoma Pueblo in 1598, the Spanish retaliated by launching an expedition, which led to the deaths of around 800 men, women and children during a three- day battle
Spanish Mission System: was a frontier institution that sought to incorporate indigenous people into the Spanish colonial empire, its Catholic religion, and certain aspects of its Hispanic culture through the formal establishment or recognition of sedentary Indian communities
British Arrival: The British arrival brought new resources and new conflict to the Americas. Conflict on who gets the New World between the French, Spanish and British
Jamestown: The first permanent settlement the British made in the Americas
Pequot War: an armed conflict in New England between the Pequot tribe and an alliance of the English colonists of the Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, and Saybrook colonies and their Native American allies
Bacon's Rebellion: Bacon's Rebellion was an armed rebellion by Virginia settlers led by Nathaniel Bacon against the rule of Governor William Berkeley.
Anglo-Powhatan wars: were three wars fought between English settlers of the Virginia Colony, and Indians of the Powhatan Confederacy in the early seventeenth century
King Philips War: an armed conflict between American Indian inhabitants of present-day New England and English colonists and their Indian allies
First Great Awakening: a Protestant religious revival that swept Protestant Europe and British America
Stone rebellion: a slave rebellion in the colony of South Carolina. It was the largest slave uprising in the British mainland colonies, with 25 white people and 35 to 50 black people killed
New York City slave revolt: an uprising in New York City, in the British Province of New York, of 23 enslaved Africans who killed nine whites and injured another six
Navigation act of the 1660's: Ships' crews had to be three-quarters English, and enumerated products not produced by the mother country, such as tobacco, cotton, and sugar were to be shipped from the colonies only to England or other English colonies
Zenger Trial: John Peter Zenger was a German immigrant writer. A publication he created harshly pointed out the actions of the corrupt royal governor, William Cosby. It accused the government of rigging elections and allowing the French enemy to explore New York harbor
Sugar Act: Parliament passed a modified version of the Sugar and Molasses Act
Stamp Act: imposed on all American colonists and required them to pay a tax on every piece of printed paper they used. Ship's papers, legal documents, licenses, newspapers, other publications, and even playing cards were taxed
Declaratory Act: A declaration by the British Parliament that accompanied the repeal of the Stamp Act. It stated that the British Parliament's taxing authority was the same in America as in Great Britain
Townshend Acts: imposed duties on glass, lead, paints, paper and tea imported into the colonies.
Intolerable Acts: the American Patriots' term for a series of punitive laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774 after the Boston Tea Party
French and Indian War: his New World conflict marked another chapter in the long imperial struggle between Britain and France. When France’s expansion into the Ohio River valley brought repeated conflict with the claims of the British colonies
Quebec Act: passed by the British Parliament to institute a permanent administration in Canada replacing the temporary government created at the time of the Proclamation of 1763
Proclamation of 1763: forbade all settlement west of a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains
Treaty of Paris: France gave up all its territories in mainland North America, effectively ending any foreign military threat to the British colonies there
Boston Tea Party: a political protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston, Massachusetts
Missouri Compromise of 1820: an effort to preserve the balance of power in Congress between slave and free states, the Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820 admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state
American Temperance Society: also known as the American Society for the Promotion of Temperance,
Seneca Falls Convention: the first women's rights convention. It advertised itself as a convention to discuss the social, civil, and religious condition and rights of woman
Compromise Tariff of 1833: was proposed by Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun as a resolution to the Nullification Crisis
McCulloch vs. Maryland: was a landmark decision by the Supreme Court of the United States. The state of Maryland had attempted to impede operation of a branch of the Second Bank of the United States by imposing a tax on all notes of banks not chartered in Maryland
Marbury vs. Madison: a landmark case by the United States Supreme Court which forms the basis for the exercise of judicial review in the United States under Article III of the Constitution
Declaration of Sentiments: is a document signed in 1848 by 68 women and 32 men. 100 out of some 300 attendees at the first women's right s convention to be organized by women
Mexican American War: an armed conflict between the United States of America and the United Mexican States
Monroe Doctrine: a United States policy of opposing European colonialism in the Americas 1823
Louisiana Purchase: was the acquisition of the Louisiana territory by the United States from France
Manifest Destiny: the 19th-century doctrine or belief that the expansion of the US throughout the American continents was both justified and inevitable
Homestead Act: encouraged Western migration by providing settlers 160 acres of public land. In exchange, homesteaders paid a small filing fee and were required to complete five years of continuous residence before receiving ownership of the land
Gettysburg Address: dedication of Soldier's National Cemetery, a cemetery for Union soldiers killed at the Battle Of Gettysburg during the American Civil War
14th Amendment: All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
13th Amendment: Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
15th Amendment: The right of citizens...to vote shall not be denied or abridged...on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude
Gadsden Purchase: a 29,670-square-mile region of present-day southern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico that the United States purchased via a treaty signed on
Compromise of 1877: esolved the disputed 1876 presidential election between Democratic candidate Samuel Tilden and Republican candidate Rutherford B. Hayes
Trent Affair: a diplomatic incident in 1861 during the American Civil War that threatened a war between the United States and the United Kingdom
Emancipation Proclamation: The declaration reads, 'all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free
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