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Topics: Carbon Cycle and Superpowers
9 months ago
1978 Chinas Open Door Policy
2008 USA Imports 11 million barrels of oil each Mumbai terrorist attacks. 166 killed Global financial crisis.
2015 USA has a goal of 1 million electric vehicles on the road. Tar sands produces 40% of Canadas oil output. UK froze Carbon Taxation policy, oil and gas exploration relief expanded to support fossil fuels First full year to exceed benchmark of 1 degree c above pre industrial levels 30% of all forest cover cleared, 20% degraded Ocean pH reached 8.1 Paris terrorist attacks - 137 killed, 368 injured .
2014 USA mainly uses oil, natural gas and coal. France energy mix, mainly oil and nuclear. Europe makes up 40% of Gazproms revenue New York Declaration on forests global target to restore 350 million ha of forest landscaped by 2030 Largest 500 companies $31 trillion in revenue, £1.7 trillion in profit China accounted for 24% of global emissions .
2020 USA goal to make commercial facilities 20% more effective
Late 1980s, Indonesian island Java losing 770 metric tonnes of topsoil every year. At an estimated cost of 1.5 million tonnes of rice - enough to feed 11-15 million people.
2100 Spain could be desert
2017 September- Majority of globe is above 0 degrees c. December - Energy exploration allowed in Arctic region .
2050 Sweden has a target of 0% fossil fuels Three North Shelterbelt project to be completed in China Chinese population will exceed total world population of 1990
1840s Energy mix - mainly bio fuels
Since 1950, coal, oil and gas have dominated.
2000s Energy mix, mainly oil and coal China now worlds biggest polluter
2011 Russian deal with Belarus to sell gas to it 60% below EU price with Gazprom incharge. Arab Spring Uprisings - anti governmental protests, uprisings and armed rebellions
Peak oil production year 2010.
1989 Gazprom founded US invasion of panama
April 2010 Deepwater Horizon Oil rig explodes. 11 workers die, 17 injured 5 million barrels of oil spilled into the sea Cost BP $1.6 billion to clean up
30th Nov 2015 COP21 Paris
2010 China produces the worlds most plastic waste Amazon rainforest drought, reduced 965,000 sq miles of vegetation. Greenness levels in Amazon decreased and did not recover
2030 only 1 in 7 people predicted to be consuming less than 2,500 calories per day
2013 IPCC predicted that 24% of greenhouse gas emissions came from land use and agriculture.
2100 where all predicted carbon outcomes expected to have happened by Avg surface temp expected to increase by 1-3 degrees Potentials: More heatwaves, change in rainfall & monsoon seasons Sea level +1.5m Ocean acidification CO2 conc 3 or 4X higher than pre industrial Arctic summer sea ice gone CO2 removal requires Meltin permafrost = more CH4 More mitigation = reduced risk of tipping point
20th century - 55 indigenous populations disappeared in Amazon rainforest
1990 more extreme cycles of drought and floods developped in Amazonia end of cold war period Shift in production towards India and China Growth of counterfeit goods in China .
2005 Amazon rainforest drought Carbon released equivalent to annual emissions of Europe and Japan combined 30.7% of children in India underweight July - London bombing on bus and undergroung 52 dead, 700 injured
2014-15 Sao Paulo Water Crisis rainfall 50% lower, Cantareira reservoir water level 5% Emergency water trucks looted 11 mile pipe system installed 45,000 ha of trees planted 0.4% of it happening again
1992 UNFFC realised climate change happening April - ANWR founded .
1997 Kyoto Protocol Big agreement to cut emissions - only MEDCs followed this
1980 Oil and gas drilling banned in Arctic regions
2004 US economy output $14,119,050m according to IMF
1945 Start of cold war period
1920s British Empire end
1944 Bretton woods IMF formed
2010 Haiti Earthquake 7.0+ Mg 86% of people living in Port au Prince in slum conditions 200,000+ died
2016 Ebola epidemic 11,000 + people died Eurozone debt 9.7 trillion EU unemployment 10%
1949 NATO founded with 28 member states
1967 ASEAN founded
2002 USA contributed 23% of global CO2 China contributed 14% of global CO2 .
2014 Sanctions on Russia travel bans Bans on business transactions Decline of rouble Bans on financial transactions
1923 - 1960 Russian Gulag camps for war prisoners
2012 London Olympics 44% less sea ice than average Anti-China protests in Vietnam
1933 Tiksi built in Russia Was unsuccessful "information vaccum"
1991 Collapse of communism 90% of Ukrainians voted to become independant
1974 China seized parcels from Vietnam, killing 70 troops in China sea dispute
2009 Texas terrorist attack. 13 killed, 33 injured
2035 EU workforce predicted to drop by 14%
1995 - 2005 Global forest area decreased by 80 million ha Arable land area increased by 24 million ha
1990 - 2010 USA hyperpower period
1898 - 1991 USSR rebelled new independance formed
1950 - 1953 Korean Proxy war
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