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Dred Scott v. Sanford: Denial of Basic Rights to Blacks, U.S. Supreme Court decision denied citizenship and basic rights to all blacks
Emancipation Proclamation: Proclaims freedom from slavery for African-Americans.
13th Amendment passed: Abolishes slavery in the United States
14th Amendment passed: Guaranteeing due process and equal protection rights to all citizens.
15th Amendment passed: THe right to vote for all U.S. Citizens
Plessy vs. Ferguson: The U.S. Supreme Court "separate but equal" approved laws requiring racial segregation, as long as those laws did not allow for separate accommodations and facilities for blacks that were inferior to those for whites.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Founded
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas: Desegregation of Education
Montgomery Bus Boycotts: African-American woman Rosa Parks's arrest after her refusal to move to the back of a bus triggers a citywide boycott of the bus system.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka II, Kansas: implements the anti-segregation provisions that had been mandated in Brown I
Bailey v. Patterson: Desegragation in transportation
Martin Luther King JR "I have a dream" speech
Equal Pay Act: federal law requiring that employers pay all employees equally for equal work.
Civil Rights Act of 1964: prohibits discrimination in voting, public accommodations, public facilities, public education, federally-assisted programs, and employment and establishes the EEOC.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
Malcolm X assassinated in New York
Loving vs. Virginia: Laws prohibiting inter-racial marriage are unconstitutional.
Martin Luther King JR Assassinated in Memphis
Equal Rights Amendment: Intended to guarantee equality to all persons. After passing in Congress, the amendment did not receive enough votes for ratification by the states.
Shelby County v. Holder: Declares unconstitutional Section 4 of the Voting Rights Act which requires states with discriminatory histories to get preclearance from Congress before changing their voting laws.
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