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5 months ago
5 months ago
Introduces hybrids and improved varieties as better yielding alternatives, also because some hybrids produced two cobs per plant. Both maize traditional maize varieties are lost.
Donor perceives that weather is changing, draughts are becoming more frequent and traditional varieties are less responsive.
Donor is planting 2-3 ha with 2 maize traditional varieties: ancho (white) in larger quantity for sale and homemade tortillas and colored ancho in smaller quantity for cobs and atole. Other varieties cultivated in the past include pepitilla, Tehuacán, black, and sweet maize. Maize is sold as grain to tortillerías in town.
Land belonged to donor's wife. He came from a different town and because he moved away from his town he did not received land from his father.
Donor dies. Age 83.
Other crops include beans and peanuts, as they only owned rainfed (and not irrigated) plots.
Sons stopped hybrids for elotes as they were not so suitable for rainfed plots.
They like working in the field but they believe it is not possible to depend on agriculture only.
Sons have the impression that competitions with maize imports after NAFTA has hampered local maize cultivation.
Sons plant ancho maize but from seed they bought in a different village.
They consider that maize and agriculture in general are no longer enough as livelihoods.
Sons have to walk to city center to reach the neartest school.
Urbanization in the village is widespread. All the area around their house is populated. Rainfed plots were first sold to urban developers. Recently they noticed that irrigated plots are also being sold.
Sons continue planting hybrid maize but for elote and feed on rainfed plots, selling elotes to hoarders who come to town.
Sons found paid jobs in construction, welding and agriculture.
Sons plant 1ha maize to feed own cattle.
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